55 Kms.of the south-east of Srinagar, Anantnag district is spread
over an area of 3934 Sq.Kms.with a population of approx.8.50
lakhs. It is bounded by Srinagar district in the north,Pulwama
districts in the north west and Kargil district in the north
east. It is flanked by Doda and Udhampur districts in the east
and south east and by district of Rajouri south west. The Anantnag
district is called the Granary of the Kashmir Valley. It is
the third highly populous district of the Valley after Srinagar
and Baramulla. About 89 percent of the population lives in the
rural areas and is mostly engaged in agriculture, the principal
crops being rice and maize. The district is divided into 5 tehsils,
10 community development blocks, 8 towns, 149 panchayats and
645 villages. The tehsils include Anantnag, Doru, Kulgam, Pahalgam
and Bijbehara. The blocks are Sahabad, Achabal, Shangus, Kulgam,
Damhal Hajipora, Qaimoh, Breng, Qazigund, Khoverpora and Dachnipora.
The population density per Sq.Kms.in the district is 165. Culturally,
the district is no different from any other area of the Valley.
Kashmiri and Urdu are the main languages of people while rice
is their staple food.
The district is not only the Bread Bowl of the Valley,it is
equally rich in landscape.The nature has been bountiful enough
in gifting the district with places of unparallel beauty,important
among these are:
The world famous hill station 45 Kms. from Anantnag town,situated
at an altitude of 7200 ft.was once a great tourist puller.It
is perphaps the best health resort in the country,located by
the banks of the river Lidder. The Pahalgam Valley presents
a glamorous look due to its pine forests,snow clad mountains,heelthy
climate and vast spread meadows and pastures.Torrential flow
of water in Lidder Nallah enriches the winsome beauty of the
valley.Pahalgam also serves as the base camp for the famous
Amarnath Yatra.Besides tourist huts,several hotels in private
sector have come up here, providing modern facilities to tourists.
An important tourist spot about eight Km.away from Anantnag.The
place is famous and attractive due to an ancient spring surrounded
by a garden terraced and developed by the Mughal Emperor.The
upper portion of the garden is called "Bagh-e-Begum Abad"
developed by Malk-e-Noor-Jahan Begum in 1620 AD and renowned
as Sahib Abad in which there was a "HAMAM" (Treasure
of water) getting heat from a logical lamp(tosng).The lamp which
was magically kindledwas put out during repairs.
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